Impact of the Act FAST stroke campaign delivered by student pharmacists on the primary prevention of stroke

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2017 May-Jun;57(3):326-332.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2017.02.026. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of an Act FAST educational intervention performed by student pharmacists on knowledge of stroke recognition and management.

Design: Stroke preparedness and knowledge of primary prevention were assessed with the use of pre- and post-intervention surveys targeting community members at health fairs. The intervention was an Act FAST educational session with blood pressure and blood glucose screenings provided by student pharmacists. Act FAST is a quick tool to help recognize and respond to a stroke. The acronym FAST stands for Face, Arms, Speech, and Time.

Setting: Community health fairs in Vallejo, CA.

Participants: Community members 18 years of age and older.

Intervention: Act FAST educational session delivered by student pharmacists.

Main outcome measures: Knowledge of signs, symptoms, management, and risk factors of strokes as defined by the American Heart Association.

Results: Following the Act FAST educational intervention, total knowledge of signs, symptoms, and management of stroke significantly increased from moderate to high (n = 112; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.419-2.188; P <0.0001). Total knowledge of risk factors of stroke also significantly increased following the educational intervention (n = 88; 95% CI 0.6496-1.746; P <0.0001).

Conclusion: The Act FAST educational intervention delivered by student pharmacists increased knowledge of signs, symptoms, immediate management, and modifiable risk factors of stroke. This suggests that student pharmacists may have a positive impact on community members' preparedness and knowledge of primary prevention of stroke. The Act FAST campaign may be a useful tool for all training health care professionals.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / physiology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • California
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pharmacists
  • Primary Prevention / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke / diagnosis*
  • Stroke / prevention & control*
  • Students, Pharmacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Blood Glucose