Engineering Human Renal Epithelial Cells for Transplantation in Regenerative Medicine

Med Eng Phys. 2017 Oct;48:3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2017.03.009. Epub 2017 Apr 14.

Abstract

Cellular transplantation may treat several human diseases by replacing damaged cells and/or providing a local source of trophic factors promoting regeneration. We utilized human renal epithelial cells (hRECs) isolated from cadaveric donors as a cell model. For efficacious implementation of hRECs for treatment of kidney diseases, we evaluated a novel encapsulation strategy for immunoisolation of hRECs and lentiviral transduction of the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) as model gene for genetic engineering of hRECs to secrete desired trophic factors. In specific, we determined whether encapsulation through conformal coating and/or GFP transduction of hRECs allowed preservation of cell viability and of their trophic factor secretion. To that end, we optimized cultures of hRECs and showed that aggregation in three-dimensional spheroids significantly preserved cell viability, proliferation, and trophic factor secretion. We also showed that both wild type and GFP-engineered hRECs could be efficiently encapsulated within conformal hydrogel coatings through our fluid dynamic platform and that this resulted in further improvement of cell viability and trophic factors secretion. Our findings may lay the groundwork for future therapeutics based on transplantation of genetically engineered human primary cells for treatment of diseases affecting kidneys and potentially other tissues.

Keywords: Cell encapsulation; Conformal coating; Gene therapy; Hydrogel; Three-dimensional culture; Trophic factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Engineering*
  • Cell Survival
  • Cell Transplantation*
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Kidney / cytology*
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Spheroids, Cellular / cytology