Intelligent Medical Garments with Graphene-Functionalized Smart-Cloth ECG Sensors

Sensors (Basel). 2017 Apr 16;17(4):875. doi: 10.3390/s17040875.


Biopotential signals are recorded mostly by using sticky, pre-gelled electrodes, which are not ideal for wearable, point-of-care monitoring where the usability of the personalized medical device depends critically on the level of comfort and wearability of the electrodes. We report a fully-wearable medical garment for mobile monitoring of cardiac biopotentials from the wrists or the neck with minimum restriction to regular clothing habits. The wearable prototype is based on elastic bands with graphene functionalized, textile electrodes and battery-powered, low-cost electronics for signal acquisition and wireless transmission. Comparison of the electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings obtained from the wearable prototype against conventional wet electrodes indicate excellent conformity and spectral coherence among the two signals.

Keywords: ECG electrode; arrhytmia; conductive textile; electrocardiogram; graphene; mHealth; medical garment; smart fabric; wearable sensor; wristband.

MeSH terms

  • Clothing*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Equipment Design
  • Graphite
  • Textiles


  • Graphite