Effect of short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention on plasma glucose levels in individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetes in the community

Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2017 Dec:11 Suppl 2:S597-S599. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2017.04.010. Epub 2017 Apr 12.


Aim: To study the effect of short term Yoga-based lifestyle intervention in the management of diabetes and pre-diabetes, through a 'pilot' community-based study.

Methods: A total of 1292 subjects with diagnosed type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes were recruited from different States of India viz., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamilnadu participated in the study. Yoga-based lifestyle intervention was introduced through 10-day non-residential camps. Baseline and post intervention assessments of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were measured on the first day and tenth day respectively. Of 1292 subjects, 896 both pre- and post- FPG readings were available. Data analysis was done using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS), version 16.

Results: Mean baseline FPG level was 133.1 (±47.98) and the mean post intervention FPG reduced to 121.19 (±40.56). There was a statistically significant decrease in FPG, p value (<0.0001).

Conclusion: The result suggests that a short-term Yoga-based lifestyle intervention effectively reduces FPG levels in type 2 diabetes patients and pre-diabetes.

Keywords: Blood glucose; Diabetes; Yoga.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy*
  • Fasting / blood
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Prediabetic State / blood
  • Prediabetic State / therapy*
  • Yoga*


  • Blood Glucose