Assessment of personality type and medical specialty choice among medical students from Karachi; using Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) tool

J Pak Med Assoc. 2017 Apr;67(4):520-526.


Objective: To assess personality type of medical students and associate it with their choice of medical specialty.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2014 at one public and one private medical university of Karachi, and comprised medical students. A self- administered questionnaire based on Myers-Briggs type indicator was used to collect data which was analysed using SPSS 20.

Results: Of the 400 participants, there were 200(50%) each from public and private universities. Of all, 201(50.3%) students were found to be extroverted and 199(49.8%) were introverted personality types. Clinical fields were the main preference of students after their medical degree as selected by 317(79.2%) students; of the, Extroverted-Sensing-Feeling-Perceptive was the most common type identified in39(7.2%) students. Extroverted-Sensing-Feeling-Perceptive 11(2.8%), Extroverted-Sensing-Thinking-Judging 12(3%), Extroverted-Sensing-Feeling-Judging 5(1.3%), Introverted-Sensing-Feeling-Judging 6(1.5%), Introverted-Sensing-Thinking-Perceptive 7(1.8%) had preference for surgery, medicine, gynaecology, paediatrics and cardiology, respectively.

Conclusions: Personality had significant impact on specialty and career choice.

Keywords: Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI), Personality types, Medical specialty choice, Medical students..

MeSH terms

  • Cardiology
  • Career Choice*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Extraversion, Psychological
  • Female
  • General Surgery
  • Gynecology
  • Humans
  • Internal Medicine
  • Introversion, Psychological
  • Judgment
  • Male
  • Medicine
  • Pakistan
  • Pediatrics
  • Perception
  • Personality Inventory*
  • Students, Medical / psychology*
  • Thinking
  • Young Adult