Luminal breast tumors have been classified into A and B subgroups, with the luminal A being associated with a more favorable clinical outcome. Unfortunately, luminal A tumors do not have a universally good prognosis. We used transcriptomic analyses using public datasets to evaluate the differential expression between normal breast tissue and breast cancer, focusing on upregulated genes included in cell cycle function. Association of selected genes with relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) was performed using the KM Plotter Online Tool (http://www.kmplot.com). Seventy-seven genes were differentially expressed between normal and malignant breast tissue. Only five genes were associated with poor RFS and OS. The mitosis-related genes GTSE1, CDCA3, FAM83D and SMC4 were associated with poor outcome specifically in Luminal A tumors. The combination of FAM83D and CDCA3 for RFS and GTSE1 alone for OS showed the better prediction for clinical outcome. CDCA3 was amplified in 3.4% of the tumors, and FAM83D and SMC4 in 2.3% and 2.2%, respectively. In conclusion, we describe a set of genes that predict detrimental outcome in Luminal A tumors. These genes may have utility for stratification in trials of antimitotic agents or cytotoxic chemotherapy, or as candidates for direct target inhibition.
Keywords: breast cancer; clinical outcome; luminal A; mitotic kinases.