The contribution of systemic hypertension to progression of chronic renal failure in the rat remnant kidney: effect of treatment with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or a calcium inhibitor

J Hypertens. 1988 Jun;6(6):495-501. doi: 10.1097/00004872-198806000-00010.


In order to establish if pharmacological treatment of systemic hypertension modifies the course of progressive renal failure, we studied the effects of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and a calcium antagonist, on the renal structure and function in the remnant kidney model of chronic renal failure in the rat. Progressive renal failure was induced in adult female Sprague Dawley rats (SDR) by surgical removal of the right kidney, and segmental infarction of seven-eighths of the left kidney. Following subtotal nephrectomy, plasma creatinine rose from 65 +/- 16 mumol/l to 173 +/- 19 mumol/l (P less than 0.001) over a period of 6 weeks, systolic blood pressure (SBP) rose from 121 +/- 2 mmHg to 176 +/- 7 mmHg (P less than 0.001) and urinary protein excretion from 0.6 +/- 0.2 to 84 +/- 22 mg/24 h (P less than 0.001). Glomerular mesangial expansion was present after 2 weeks, then progressed, in association with the development of glomerular sclerosis, which became prominent after 6 weeks. Rats were treated with enalapril (5 mg/kg per day) or felodipine (30 mg/kg per day) from 1 week after subtotal nephrectomy, and their course compared with that of untreated rats. Systemic SBP decreased to a similar degree by both drug treatments. Six weeks after surgery, plasma creatinine concentration was lower in the enalapril-treated group (110 +/- 8 mumol/l, P less than 0.05) than in the felodipine-treated group (153 +/- 23 mumol/l). The latter group showed similar plasma creatinine concentrations to those of the untreated rats (173 +/- 19 mumol/l).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use*
  • Enalapril / therapeutic use
  • Felodipine
  • Female
  • Hypertension, Renovascular / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology
  • Nitrendipine / analogs & derivatives
  • Nitrendipine / therapeutic use
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Enalapril
  • Nitrendipine
  • Felodipine