An 8-week thoracic spine stabilization exercise program improves postural back pain, spine alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students:a randomized controlled study

Turk J Med Sci. 2017 Apr 18;47(2):504-513. doi: 10.3906/sag-1511-155.

Abstract

Background/aim: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students.

Materials and methods: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training.

Results: Differences were observed for postural pain, thoracic and lumbar curvature, dynamic stability index (eyes closed), and core endurance scores in the exercise group between baseline and week 8 (P < 0.05) and all the parameters were significantly different when compared to those of the control group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The program decreased postural pain, spinal curvatures, and postural sway, and increased core endurance in university students. The program can be effective in postural pain and misalignment of spine problems related to core weakness and balance disorders.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Back Pain / physiopathology*
  • Back Pain / therapy*
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Students
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / physiopathology*
  • Universities
  • Young Adult