Regulation of the synthesis of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in the bovine ovary in vivo and in vitro

Mol Endocrinol. 1987 Feb;1(2):172-80. doi: 10.1210/mend-1-2-172.


In order to investigate the pattern of ovarian cholesterol biosynthesis during the bovine estrous cycle, tissue concentrations of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of cholesterol, were determined by immunoblot techniques. Medium-sized (9-11 mm) and large (14-18 mm) follicles, after removal of follicular fluid by centrifugation, and corpora lutea from the early, early-mid, late-mid, and late stages of the luteal phase were used (n = 5 per group). The specific content (per microgram of tissue homogenate protein) and total content of HMG-CoA reductase in medium-sized and large follicles were substantially lower than those of corpora lutea of the early-mid and late-mid luteal phase. The specific content was elevated in a number of the corpora lutea from the early luteal phase and was low in regressing corpora lutea. Thus during the midluteal phase, when steroid hormone production is elevated, the total and specific contents of HMG-CoA reductase are also elevated. To investigate the mechanisms whereby the levels of HMG-CoA reductase are regulated, primary monolayer cultures of bovine luteal cells (early-mid and late-mid luteal phase) were used. Cells were cultured for 24 h in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing lipoprotein-poor fetal calf serum (2% vol/vol). At this concentration there was no stimulation of the production of progesterone above that seen with no addition of serum. Under these conditions the total and specific contents, and the synthesis, of HMG-CoA reductase were stimulated by treatment with (Bu)2cAMP (1 mM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Clotrimazole / pharmacology
  • Corpus Luteum / drug effects
  • Corpus Luteum / enzymology
  • Estrus / metabolism
  • Female
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases / biosynthesis*
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases / metabolism
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / pharmacology
  • Luteal Cells / drug effects
  • Luteal Cells / enzymology
  • Ovarian Follicle / drug effects
  • Ovarian Follicle / enzymology
  • Ovary / drug effects
  • Ovary / metabolism*
  • Progesterone / biosynthesis


  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Progesterone
  • Bucladesine
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases
  • Clotrimazole