Proteins oxidation and autoantibodies' reactivity against hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde -oxidized thyroid antigens in patients' plasmas with Graves' disease and Hashimoto Thyroiditis

Chem Biol Interact. 2017 Jun 25:272:145-152. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2017.04.013. Epub 2017 Apr 18.


The aim of this study was to evaluate proteins oxidation in plasmas of two autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD): Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto Thyroiditis (HT), and to determine whether oxidative modification of thyroid antigens (T.Ag) enhanced the reactivity of autoantibodies in plasmas of AITD patients compared with the reactivity towards native T.Ag. Carbonyl and thiol groups and MDA-protein adducts were assessed spectrophotometric methods in plasmas of 74 AITD patients and 65 healthy controls. The reactivities immunoglobulin (Ig)G autoantibodies towards malondialdéhyde (MDA)-modified T.Ag, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-modified T.Ag, native T.Ag and native derm were checked by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Evaluation of oxidized proteins exhibited high levels of MDA bound to proteins and carbonyl groups, as well as reduced thiol level in plasmas of AITD patients by comparison to healthy controls (p < 0.05). The ELISA test showed that AITD patients' plasmas' reactivity to native T.Ag was significantly increased to the reactivity towards native derm, whereas, no differences were found in the reactivity to native T.Ag and derm in controls plasmas. In addition, treatment of T.Ag by oxidants revealed enhanced reactivity of IgG circulating autoantibodies against H2O2-oxidized T.Ag compared to native ones (p < 0.001) in plasmas of both AITD. Also, reactivity's to MDA-oxidized T.Ag in GD plasmas decreased compared to native ones (p < 0.05) and no changes were noted for HT. Pearson correlation study resulted in positive correlation between reactivity's to H2O2-oxidized T.Ag and free triodotyronine level in GD patients (r = 0.42, p < 0.05) in one hand and thyroid stimulating hormone level in HT patients in the other (r = 0.65, p < 0.001). The data suggest that high production of H2O2 probably occurred during hormone synthesis could contribute to protein oxidation in AITD and to create neoepitopes responsible for autoantibody reactivity's to H2O2-oxidized T.Ag enhancement. These results provide support to the involvement of oxidative stress in AITD development and/or exacerbation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antigens / blood
  • Antigens / chemistry*
  • Antigens / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Graves Disease / blood
  • Graves Disease / pathology
  • Hashimoto Disease / blood
  • Hashimoto Disease / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Malondialdehyde / chemistry*
  • Middle Aged
  • Monoiodotyrosine / analysis
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Protein Carbonylation
  • Thyroid Gland / metabolism*
  • Thyrotropin / analysis


  • Antigens
  • Autoantibodies
  • Biomarkers
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Thyrotropin
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Monoiodotyrosine