Removal of arsenate and dichromate ions from different aqueous media by amine based p(TAEA-co-GDE) microgels

J Environ Manage. 2017 Jul 15;197:631-641. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.053. Epub 2017 Apr 19.

Abstract

In this work, microgels based on tris(2-aminoethyl) amine (TAEA) and glycerol diglycidyl ether (GDE) via simple microemulsion polymerization was prepared as p(TAEA-co-GDE) microgels were used as adsorbent for removal of dichromate (Cr (VI)) and arsenate (As (V)) ions from different aqueous environments. The p(TAEA-co-GDE) microgels were demonstrated very efficient adsorption capacity for Cr (VI), and As (V) that are 164.98 mg/g, and 123.64 mg/g from distilled (DI) water, respectively. The effect of the medium pH on the adsorption capacity of p(TAEA-co-GDE) microgels for Cr (VI) and As (V) ions were investigated. The maximum adsorption capacity was obtained at pH 4.0 for both ions with maximum adsorbed amounts of 160.62, and 98.72 mg/g, respectively. In addition, the microgels were also shown moderate adsorption capacity for Cr (VI) and As (V) from other water sources; tap water with 115.18 mg/g and 82.86 mg/g, sea water with 64.24 mg/g and 46.88 mg/g and creek water with 73.52 mg/g and 59.33 mg/g, respectively. Moreover, the increase in adsorbent dose from 0.025 to 0.125 g enhanced % adsorption of Cr (VI) from 54.13 to 98.03, and As (V) from % 26.72-98.70, respectively. For the adsorption process Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms were applied and found that Langmuir adsorption isotherm with R2 value of 0.99 for both the metal ions are suitable. Moreover, the experimental adsorption capacities of Cr (VI) and As (V) were found very close to the theoretical values calculated from Langmuir adsorption isotherm. More importantly, the microgels were made magnetic responsive to recover them easily from adsorption medium for reuse studies by applying external magnetic field with little decrease in adsorption capacity. Additionally, reusability of p(TAEA-co-GDE) microgels was also evaluated for adsorption of Cr (VI) and As (V) from DI water.

Keywords: Adsorption isotherm; Adsorption/desorption recycling; Cr (VI) and As (V) removal; Magnetic composite microgel; P(TAEA-co-GDE) microgel/nanogel; Water remediation.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Amines
  • Arsenates*
  • Chromium
  • Glycerol
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Ions
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*

Substances

  • Amines
  • Arsenates
  • Ions
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Chromium
  • Glycerol