In Vitro Fertilization With Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Aneuploidies in Advanced Maternal Age: A Randomized, Controlled Study

Fertil Steril. 2017 May;107(5):1122-1129. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.03.011. Epub 2017 Apr 19.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the clinical value of preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy screening (PGD-A) in women of advanced maternal age (AMA; between 38 and 41 years).

Design: This was a multicenter, randomized trial with two arms: a PGD-A group with blastocyst transfer, and a control group with blastocyst transfer without PGD-A.

Setting: Private reproductive centers.

Patient(s): A total of 326 recruited patients fit the inclusion criteria, and 205 completed the study (100 in the PGD-A group and 105 in the control group).

Intervention(s): Day-3 embryo biopsy, array comparative genomic hybridization, blastocyst transfer, and vitrification.

Main outcome measure(s): Primary outcomes were delivery and live birth rates in the first transfer and cumulative outcome rates.

Result(s): The PGD-A group exhibited significantly fewer ETs (68.0% vs. 90.5% for control) and lower miscarriage rates (2.7% vs. 39.0% for control). Delivery rate after the first transfer attempt was significantly higher in the PGD-A group per transfer (52.9% vs 24.2%) and per patient (36.0% vs. 21.9%). No significant differences were observed in the cumulative delivery rates per patient 6 months after closing the study. However, the mean number of ETs needed per live birth was lower in the PGD-A group compared with the control group (1.8 vs. 3.7), as was the time to pregnancy (7.7 vs. 14.9 weeks).

Conclusion(s): Preimplantation genetic diagnosis for aneuploidy screening is superior compared with controls not only in clinical outcome at the first ET but also in dramatically decreasing miscarriage rates and shortening the time to pregnancy.

Keywords: Aneuploidy; PGD-A; array-CGH; embryo biopsy; maternal age.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aneuploidy*
  • Chromosome Disorders / embryology
  • Chromosome Disorders / genetics*
  • Chromosome Disorders / mortality*
  • Embryo Implantation / genetics
  • Embryo Transfer / mortality*
  • Embryo Transfer / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro / mortality
  • Fertilization in Vitro / statistics & numerical data*
  • Genetic Counseling / statistics & numerical data
  • Genetic Testing / methods
  • Genetic Testing / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Maternal Age*
  • Mosaicism / embryology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Spain / epidemiology