Empirical Modeling of Physiochemical Immune Response of Multilayer Zinc Oxide Nanomaterials under UV Exposure to Melanoma and Foreskin Fibroblasts

Sci Rep. 2017 Apr 24;7:46603. doi: 10.1038/srep46603.


Carcinogenesis is a complex molecular process starting with genetic and epigenetic alterations, mutation stimulation, and DNA modification, which leads to proteomic adaptation ending with an uncontrolled proliferation mechanism. The current research focused on the empirical modelling of the physiological response of human melanoma cells (FM55P) and human foreskin fibroblasts cells (AG01518) to the multilayer zinc oxide (ZnO) nanomaterials under UV-A exposure. To validate this experimental scheme, multilayer ZnO nanomaterials were grown on a femtotip silver capillary and conjugated with protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Furthermore, PpIX-conjugated ZnO nanomaterials grown on the probe were inserted into human melanoma (FM55P) and foreskin fibroblasts cells (AG01518) under UV-A light exposure. Interestingly, significant cell necrosis was observed because of a loss in mitochondrial membrane potential just after insertion of the femtotip tool. Intense reactive oxygen species (ROS) fluorescence was observed after exposure to the ZnO NWs conjugated with PpIX femtotip model under UV exposure. Results were verified by applying several experimental techniques, e.g., ROS detection, MTT assay, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The present work reports experimental modelling of cell necrosis in normal human skin as well as a cancerous tissue. These obtained results pave the way for a more rational strategy for biomedical and clinical applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism*
  • Fibroblasts / pathology
  • Foreskin
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanoma* / metabolism
  • Melanoma* / pathology
  • Melanoma* / therapy
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial* / drug effects
  • Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial* / radiation effects
  • Nanoparticles* / chemistry
  • Nanoparticles* / therapeutic use
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Ultraviolet Rays*
  • Zinc Oxide* / chemistry
  • Zinc Oxide* / pharmacology


  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Zinc Oxide