The effect of hand reflexology on anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography: A single-blind randomized controlled trial

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 May;27:31-36. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.01.002. Epub 2017 Jan 28.


Background: This study aimed to evaluate effects of hand reflexology on anxiety level in coronary angiography patients.

Materials and methods: This clinical trial recruited 80 eligible patients >6 months. The patients were randomly assigned to receive routine care plus either hand reflexology or a simple hand massage. Data were collected using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Both groups' anxiety levels were measured before (T0) and 30 min (T1) and 1 h after the intervention (T2).

Findings: The mean anxiety level in the intervention group decreased from 57.54 at baseline to 55.47 after the intervention (P = 0.0001). The values in the control group were 54.27 and 51.4, respectively. The two groups had statistically significant differences in the mean scores of anxiety at T0 and T1 (P = 0.003), T1 and T2, and T0 and T2 (P = 0.0001).

Conclusion: Hand reflexology could effectively decrease anxiety in coronary angiography patients.

Keywords: Anxiety; Coronary angiography; Hand reflexology.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Coronary Angiography / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Hand / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Massage*
  • Middle Aged