What's new for us in strabismus?

Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017 Mar;65(3):184-190. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_867_16.


Strabismus is one of the most challenging subspecialties encountered in the field of ophthalmology. The concept of etiology of strabismus is being advanced with the development of newer imaging modalities and increased understanding of the genetics of strabismus. Imaging is also being used to aid in the planning of strabismus surgery. Newer horizons are being explored in the amblyopia management. The good old eye-pad is being replaced with the iPad. Early detection of loss of stereopsis is being used to decide the timing for strabismus surgery. Improvement of binocular summation has been discovered as a benefit of corrective strabismus surgery. Newer surgical techniques such as new transposition procedures are being developed to correct complex strabismus. Strabismus surgeries aided by adjustable sutures have increased the precision of a strabismologist. A new light has been thrown on the psychosocial impact of strabismus. A present-day strabismologist has advanced from the goal of ocular alignment to a bigger perspective "to regain the paradise lost: stereopsis."

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Congresses as Topic
  • Eye Movements / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Oculomotor Muscles / physiopathology
  • Oculomotor Muscles / surgery*
  • Strabismus / physiopathology
  • Strabismus / surgery*
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*
  • Visual Acuity