The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor of human umbilical vein-derived endothelial (HUE) cells has been identified by affinity labeling. It has an apparent molecular weight of 130,000. It binds both basic and acidic FGF, but not with epidermal growth factor, insulin, or transferrin. The lectin concanavalin-A does not inhibit the binding of 125I-bFGF to HUE cell-surface receptors, whereas it inhibits bFGF binding to BHK-21 cell-surface FGF receptor. This suggests that both types of receptors may differ in their degree of glycosylation. In contrast to other cell types, heparin only slightly inhibits the binding of basic FGF to its receptor. Protamine sulfate, which is anti-angiogenic in vivo, and suramin, a drug used in the therapy of trypanosomiasis and onchocerciasis, also inhibit the binding of basic FGF to the receptor.