Advantages of Autologous Platelet-Rich Fibrin Membrane on Gingival Crevicular Fluid Growth Factor Levels and Periodontal Healing: A Randomized Split-Mouth Clinical Study

J Periodontol. 2017 Aug;88(8):771-777. doi: 10.1902/jop.2017.160485. Epub 2017 Apr 28.

Abstract

Background: This study evaluates contributions of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) combined with conventional flap surgery on growth factor levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and periodontal healing.

Methods: Twenty-six patients (52 sites) with chronic periodontitis were treated either with autologous PRF with open flap debridement (OFD+PRF) or OFD alone. Growth factor levels in GCF at baseline and 2, 4, and 6 weeks after surgery were analyzed, and clinical parameters such as probing depth (PD), relative clinical attachment level (rCAL), and gingival margin level (GML) at baseline and 9 months after surgery were measured.

Results: Mean PD reduction and rCAL gain were significantly greater in OFD+PRF sites than in OFD sites. Mean GML change was -0.38 + 0.10 mm in OFD sites and 0.11 + 0.08 mm in the test group; difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P <0.05). Both groups demonstrated increased expression levels of fibroblast growth factor-2, transforming growth factor-β1, and platelet-derived growth factor-BB at 2 weeks compared with baseline, followed by reductions at 4 and 6 weeks. The OFD+PRF group showed significantly higher growth factor levels compared with the OFD group at 2 and 4 weeks.

Conclusion: PRF membrane combined with OFD provides significantly higher GCF concentrations of angiogenic biomarkers for ≈2 to 4 weeks and better periodontal healing in terms of conventional flap sites.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02898675.

Keywords: Intercellular signaling peptides and proteins; periodontitis; wound healing.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Chronic Periodontitis / therapy*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Debridement
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Gingival Crevicular Fluid / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Periodontal Index
  • Platelet-Rich Fibrin*
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wound Healing / physiology*

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02898675