A-to-I RNA editing of BLCAP lost the inhibition to STAT3 activation in cervical cancer

Oncotarget. 2017 Jun 13;8(24):39417-39429. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.17034.


Bladder cancer-associated protein (BLCAP) gene is a highly conserved gene with tumor-suppressor function in different carcinomas. It is also a novel ADAR-mediated editing substrate undergoes multiple A-to-I RNA editing events. Although the anti-tumorigenic role of BLCAP has been examined in preliminarily studies, the relationship between BLCAP function and A-to-I RNA editing in cervical carcinogenesis still require further exploration. Herein, we analyzed the coding sequence of BLCAP transcripts in 35 paired cervical cancer samples using high-throughput sequencing. Of note, editing levels of three novel editing sites were statistically different between cancerous and adjacent cervical tissues, and editing of these three sites was closely correlated. Moreover, two editing sites of BLCAP coding region were mapped-in the key YXXQ motif which can bind to SH2 domain of STAT3. Further studies revealed that BLCAP interacted with signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and inhibited its phosphorylation, while A-to-I RNA editing of BLCAP lost the inhibition to STAT3 activation in cervical cancer cell lines. Our findings reveal that A-to-I RNA editing events alter the genetically coded amino acid in BLCAP YXXQ motif, which drive the progression of cervical carcinogenesis through regulating STAT3 signaling pathway.

Keywords: A-to-I RNA editing; BLCAP gene; STAT3; YXXQ motif; cervical carcinogenesis.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine
  • Adenosine Deaminase / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inosine
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism
  • Interleukin-6 / pharmacology
  • Mutation
  • Neoplasm Proteins / chemistry
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Nucleotide Motifs
  • Phosphorylation
  • RNA Editing*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


  • BLCAP protein, human
  • Interleukin-6
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Inosine
  • ADAR protein, human
  • Adenosine Deaminase
  • Adenosine