Whole exome sequencing of sporadic patients with Currarino Syndrome: A report of three trios

Gene. 2017 Aug 15;624:50-55. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2017.04.030. Epub 2017 Apr 27.


Currarino Syndrome is a rare congenital malformation syndrome described as a triad of anorectal, sacral and presacral anomalies. Currarino Syndrome is reported to be both familial and sporadic. Familial CS is today known as an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the transcription factor MNX1. The aim of this study was to look for genetic causes of Currarino Syndrome in sporadic patients after ruling out other causes, like chromosome aberrations, disease-causing variants in possible MNX1 cooperating transcription factors and aberrant methylation in the promoter of the MNX1 gene. The hypothesis was that MNX1 was affected through interactions with other transcription factors or through other regulatory elements and thereby possibly leading to abnormal function of the gene. We performed whole exome sequencing with an additional 6Mb custom made region on chromosome 7 (GRCh37/hg19, chr7:153.138.664-159.138.663) to detect regulatory elements in non-coding regions around the MNX1 gene. We did not find any variants in genes of interest shared between the patients. However, after analyzing the whole exome sequencing data with Filtus, the in-house SNV filtration program, we did find some interesting variants in possibly relevant genes that could be explaining these patients` phenotypes. The most promising genes were ETV3L, ARID5A and NCAPD3. To our knowledge this is the first report of whole exome sequencing in sporadic CS patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anal Canal / abnormalities*
  • Anal Canal / pathology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Digestive System Abnormalities / genetics*
  • Digestive System Abnormalities / pathology
  • Exome*
  • Female
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Rectum / abnormalities*
  • Rectum / pathology
  • Sacrum / abnormalities*
  • Sacrum / pathology
  • Syringomyelia / genetics*
  • Syringomyelia / pathology
  • Transcription Factors / genetics


  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • MNX1 protein, human
  • Transcription Factors

Supplementary concepts

  • Currarino triad