Multiple therapeutic agents are typically used in concert to effectively control metastatic tumors. Recently, we described microRNAs that are associated with the oligometastatic state, in which a limited number of metastatic tumors progress to more favorable outcomes. Here, we report the effective delivery of an oligometastatic microRNA (miR-655-3p) to colorectal liver metastases using nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs). The NCPs demonstrated a targeted and prolonged distribution of microRNAs to metastatic liver tumors. Tumor-targeted microRNA miR-655-3p suppressed tumor growth when co-delivered with oxaliplatin, suggesting additive or synergistic interactions between microRNAs and platinum drugs. This is the first known example of systemically administered nanoparticles delivering an oligometastatic microRNA to advanced metastatic liver tumors and demonstrating tumor-suppressive effects. Our results suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for metastatic liver disease by the co-delivery of microRNAs and conventional cytotoxic agents using tumor-specific NCPs.
Keywords: colorectal cancer; liver; metastases; microRNA; nanoparticles.
Copyright © 2017 The American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.