Effectiveness of Nursing Student-led HIV Prevention Education for Minority College Students: The SALSA Project

J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2017;28(2S):33-47. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2017.0051.


Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Student Awareness of the Link between Substance Abuse and AIDS (SALSA) Student Peer Educators (SPEs) in increasing freshman students' HIV knowledge/awareness, and to assess students' perceptions of the SPEs as teachers/HIV prevention educators.

Methods: Junior nursing students served as SALSA SPEs and presented an updated 50-minute sexual health class to freshman students. An investigator-developed questionnaire and program evaluation form was completed by attendees at the end of class.

Results: A total of 66 classes were presented by 71 SALSA SPEs to 965 freshman students. Questionnaire results revealed that the freshman students increased their knowledge/awareness of HIV transmission/prevention, while decreasing their likelihood to engage in risky sex. Program evaluation resulted in ratings of excellent.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that campus-based SPEs may be effective in educating freshman students about HIV and risky sexual behaviors.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control
  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • Health Education / organization & administration*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Risk Behaviors
  • Hispanic or Latino / education
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minority Groups / education*
  • Perception
  • Program Evaluation
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Students, Nursing*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / prevention & control
  • United States
  • United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  • Young Adult