A conserved hexanucleotide motif is important in UV-inducible promoters in Sulfolobus acidocaldarius

Microbiology (Reading). 2017 May;163(5):778-788. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.000455. Epub 2017 May 3.


Upon DNA damage, Sulfolobales exhibit a global gene regulatory response resulting in the expression of DNA transfer and repair proteins and the repression of the cell division machinery. Because the archaeal DNA damage response is still poorly understood, we investigated the promoters of the highly induced ups operon. Ups pili are involved in cellular aggregation and DNA exchange between cells. With LacS reporter gene assays we identified a conserved, non-palindromic hexanucleotide motif upstream of the ups core promoter elements to be essential for promoter activity. Substitution of this cis regulatory motif in the ups promoters resulted in abolishment of cellular aggregation and reduced DNA transfer. By screening the Sulfolobus acidocaldarius genome we identified a total of 214 genes harbouring the hexanucleotide motif in their respective promoter regions. Many of these genes were previously found to be regulated upon UV light treatment. Given the fact that the identified motif is conserved among S. acidocaldarius and Sulfolobus tokodaii promoters, we speculate that a common regulatory mechanism is present in these two species in response to DNA-damaging conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Damage / genetics
  • DNA Damage / radiation effects
  • DNA Repair / genetics
  • DNA Repair / radiation effects
  • DNA, Archaeal / genetics
  • DNA, Archaeal / radiation effects*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Archaeal / radiation effects*
  • Nucleotide Motifs / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / radiation effects*
  • Sulfolobus acidocaldarius / genetics*
  • Ultraviolet Rays*


  • DNA, Archaeal