Retropubic versus transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT vs TVT-O): Five-year results of the Austrian randomized trial

Neurourol Urodyn. 2018 Jan;37(1):331-338. doi: 10.1002/nau.23298. Epub 2017 May 2.


Aims: To compare outcomes of the retropubic versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT vs TVT-O) at 5 years.

Methods: A total of 569 women undergoing surgery for primary stress incontinence were randomized to receive a retropubic or a transobturator tensionfree vaginal tape (TVT or TVT-O). Follow-up at 5 years included clinical examination, urodynamic studies and quality of life. The primary outcome measure was continence defined as a negative cough stress test at a volume of 300 mL. Secondary outcomes included urodynamic parameters, complications and quality of (NCT 0041454).

Results: Three hundred and thirty-one patients (59%) were evaluated at 5 years (277 were seen, examined and completed questionnaires; 54 only completed questionnaires). No significant differences were seen in rates of a negative cough stress test (83% vs 76%, respectively), urodynamic parameters and complications. Quality-of-life improved significantly in both groups, without significant differences between the groups. Erosion rates were 5.2% and 4.5%, and reoperation rates were 4.1% and 3.2% respectively.

Conclusions: At 5 years, subjective and objective results after TVT and TVT-O are stable and similar, without statistical significant differences between the procedures. Major long-term problems appear rare.

Trial registration: NCT00441454.

Keywords: TVT; TVT-O; tension-free vaginal tape.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Austria
  • Cough
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life
  • Suburethral Slings
  • Surgical Tape* / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery
  • Urodynamics

Associated data