Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviors in Korean People With Metabolic Syndrome

J Community Health Nurs. Apr-Jun 2017;34(2):69-79. doi: 10.1080/07370016.2017.1304145.


This study identified factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with metabolic syndrome in South Korea. The sample consisted of 1,207 subjects with metabolic syndrome from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. High-risk alcohol consumption, smoking, aerobic physical activity, leisure physical activity, excessive carbohydrate intake, and fat intake were measured. A secondary data analysis was performed using chi-square tests and logistic regression. Gender was associated with all unhealthy behaviors. The number of metabolic syndrome components, a poor perceived health status, and attempts to control weight were associated with physical inactivity. Those findings may be helpful to develop a tailored lifestyle modification programs for people with metabolic syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / adverse effects
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Republic of Korea / epidemiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Young Adult


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats