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Review
. 2018 Apr;233(4):2804-2814.
doi: 10.1002/jcp.25985. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Roles of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor in Vascular Calcification

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Review

Roles of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor in Vascular Calcification

Liu Ouyang et al. J Cell Physiol. .

Abstract

Vascular calcification (VC) is prevalent in aging, and patients with hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), or diabetes. VC is regarded as an active and complex process that involves multiple mechanisms responsible for calcium deposition in vessel wall. In light of the complicated pathogenesis of VC, effective therapy for ameliorating VC is limited. Thus, it is urgent to explore the potential mechanisms and find new targets for the therapy of VC. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a potent mitogen, and chemoattractant have been found to disturb the vascular homeostasis by inducing inflammation, oxidative stress, and phenotype transition, all of which accelerate the process of VC. The aim of current review is to present a review about the roles of PDGF in affecting VC and to establish a potential target for treating VC.

Keywords: osteogenic phenotype; platelet-derived growth factor; vascular calcification; vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation.

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