Adamantane-Isothiourea Hybrid Derivatives: Synthesis, Characterization, In Vitro Antimicrobial, and In Vivo Hypoglycemic Activities

Molecules. 2017 Apr 29;22(5):710. doi: 10.3390/molecules22050710.


A new series of adamantane-isothiourea hybrid derivatives, namely 4-arylmethyl (Z)-N'-(adamantan-1-yl)-morpholine-4-carbothioimidates 7a-e and 4-arylmethyl (Z)-N'-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-phenylpiperazine-1-carbothioimidates 8a-e were prepared via the reaction of N-(adamantan-1-yl)morpholine-4-carbothioamide 5 and N-(adamantan-1-yl)-4-phenylpiperazine-1-carbothioamide 6 with benzyl or substituted benzyl bromides, in acetone, in the presence of anhydrous potassium carbonate. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by ¹H-NMR, 13C-NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectral (ESI-MS) data, and X-ray crystallographic data. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the new compounds was determined against certain standard strains of pathogenic bacteria and the yeast-like pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. Compounds 7b, 7d and 7e displayed potent broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, while compounds 7a, 7c, 8b, 8d and 8e were active against the tested Gram-positive bacteria. The in vivo oral hypoglycemic activity of the new compounds was carried on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Compounds 7a, 8ab, and 8b produced potent dose-independent reduction of serum glucose levels, compared to the potent hypoglycemic drug gliclazide.

Keywords: adamantane; antimicrobial activity; carbothioimidate; hypoglycaemic activity; isothiourea; synthesis.

MeSH terms

  • Adamantane / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adamantane / chemical synthesis*
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / drug therapy
  • Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria / drug effects
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / chemical synthesis*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Models, Molecular
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Thiourea / analogs & derivatives*
  • Thiourea / chemical synthesis*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Thiourea
  • Adamantane