Point spread function and depth-invariant focal sweep point spread function for plenoptic camera 2.0

Opt Express. 2017 May 1;25(9):9947-9962. doi: 10.1364/OE.25.009947.

Abstract

This paper derives a mathematical point spread function (PSF) and a depth-invariant focal sweep point spread function (FSPSF) for plenoptic camera 2.0. Derivation of PSF is based on the Fresnel diffraction equation and image formation analysis of a self-built imaging system which is divided into two sub-systems to reflect the relay imaging properties of plenoptic camera 2.0. The variations in PSF, which are caused by changes of object's depth and sensor position variation, are analyzed. A mathematical model of FSPSF is further derived, which is verified to be depth-invariant. Experiments on the real imaging systems demonstrate the consistency between the proposed PSF and the actual imaging results.