ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Dyspnea-Suspected Cardiac Origin

J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 May;14(5S):S127-S137. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.01.032.


This article discusses imaging guidelines for five dyspnea variants: (1) dyspnea due to heart failure, ischemia not excluded; (2) dyspnea due to suspected nonischemic heart failure, ischemia excluded; (3) dyspnea due to suspected valvular heart disease, ischemia excluded; (4) dyspnea due to suspected cardiac arrhythmia, ischemia excluded; and (5) dyspnea due to suspected pericardial disease, ischemia excluded. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Keywords: AUC; Appropriate Use Criteria; Appropriateness Criteria; cardiac arrhythmia; dyspnea; heart failure; ischemia; pericardial disease; valvular heart disease.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / complications
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods
  • Dyspnea / diagnostic imaging*
  • Dyspnea / etiology*
  • Heart Diseases / complications*
  • Heart Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Failure / complications
  • Heart Valve Diseases / complications
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Ischemia / complications
  • Radiology
  • Societies, Medical
  • United States