Association of cardiovascular risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and youth: the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

Ann Epidemiol. 2017 Apr;27(4):260-268.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.03.001. Epub 2017 Mar 31.


Purpose: Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Girls (n = 674) and boys (n = 667) aged 8 to 16 years (mean age 12.1 years) and their parents (n = 942) had their CVD risk factors measured.

Results: CVD risk factors in parents were significantly positively associated with those same risk factors among youth. After adjustment for demographic characteristics, diet and physical activity, obese parents were significantly more likely to have youth who were overweight (odds ratios [ORs], 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-4.76) or obese (OR, 6.16; 95% CI, 3.23-11.77) versus normal weight. Dyslipidemia among parents was associated with 1.98 higher odds of dyslipidemia among youth (95% CI, 1.37-2.87). Neither hypertension nor diabetes was associated with higher odds of high blood pressure or hyperglycemia (prediabetes or diabetes) in youth. Findings were consistent by sex and in younger (age <12 years) versus older (≥12 years) youth.

Conclusions: Hispanic/Latino youth share patterns of obesity and CVD risk factors with their parents, which portends high risk for adult CVD.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Children and adolescents; Epidemiology; Race/ethnicity.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / ethnology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet / ethnology
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data
  • Dyslipidemias / epidemiology
  • Dyslipidemias / ethnology
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / ethnology
  • Parents
  • Risk Factors
  • Young Adult