Nephroprotective potential of artichoke leaves extract against gentamicin in rats: Antioxidant mechanisms

Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 Sep;29(5 Suppl):1775-1782.


Nephrotoxicity represents a major health problem. This study aims to determine nephroprotective of artichoke leaves extract (ALE) against gentamicin (GM) injection in male rats. Rats (n=30) were divided into; negative control, nephrotoxic (GM) injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with GM (100 mg/kg b.wt/d for 10 days), and groups administered orally with ALE (200, 400 or 600 mg/kg b.wt/d) and injected with GM. The results revealed that, GM injection induced marked nephrotoxicity as evidenced by significant increase in kidney functions, albumin and potassium (K+), with significant decrease in serum levels of total protein and sodium (Na+) as compared with negative control group. There was significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) level in GM group compared with negative control group. Renal examined tissues showed severe changes manifested by atrophy of glomerular tuft, necrosis of epithelial lining renal tubules with apoptosis of tubular epithelium and renal hemorrhage. Simultaneous administration of ALE during GM therapy protected kidney tissues as evidenced by normalization of kidney biochemical parameters and minimized the histopathological changes. Therefore, ALE has nephroprotective and antioxidant effects, thus could be beneficial for kidney patients.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Cynara scolymus / chemistry*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gentamicins / toxicity*
  • Kidney Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Kidney Diseases / prevention & control
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Male
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Antioxidants
  • Gentamicins
  • Plant Extracts