Ginger Treatment Ameliorates Alcohol-induced Myocardial Damage by Suppression of Hyperlipidemia and Cardiac Biomarkers in Rats

Pharmacogn Mag. 2017 Jan;13(Suppl 1):S69-S75. doi: 10.4103/0973-1296.203891. Epub 2017 Apr 7.


Background: Alcohol-induced hyperlipidemia is positively correlated with cardiovascular diseases. Several herbal extracts have been reported to protect the cardiac injury and suppress the hyperlipidemia. However, the effect of ginger extracts on alcohol-induced hyperlipidemia and associated myocardial damage remains unclear.

Objective: This study investigated the cardio-protective properties of ginger ethanolic extract (Gt) against alcohol-induced myocardial damage, and further distinguished the association between hyperlipidemia and occurrence of myocardial damage in rats.

Materials and methods: Twenty four Wistar male albino rats (250 ± 20 g) were divided into four groups including, Normal control (NC) (0.9% NaCl), Ginger treated (Gt) (200 mg/Kg b.w.), Alcohol treated (At) (20% of 6g/kg b.w. alcohol), and Alcohol along with Ginger treatment (At+Gt). In this study, lipid profiles such as fatty acids, triglycerides, total cholesterol, phospholipids, low density lipoprotein and high density lipoproteins, and cardiac biomarkers, including LDH, AST, CK-MB, cTn-T and cTn-I were examined in rats. Furthermore, histopathological studies were also conducted.

Results: We found that alcohol-induced myocardial damage was associated with increased lipid profile except high density lipoprotein in alcohol treated (20%, 6g/kg b.w.) rats compared with control. Ginger treatment significantly reduced the alcohol-induced lipid profiles except high density lipoproteins. Furthermore, elevated cardiac biomarkers activity with alcohol intoxication was substantially suppressed by ginger treatment. In addition, ginger treatment for 7-weeks significantly minimized the alcohol-induced myocardial damage.

Conclusion: Our results concluded that ginger could protect alcohol-induced myocardial damage by suppression of hyperlipidemia and cardiac biomarkers.

Summary: Ginger extract could alleviate the myocardial injury partially due to the suppression of circulating FFAs and TG levels.Increased circulating cholesterol, LDL and phospholipids with alcohol intake were substantially suppressed by ginger treatmentAlcohol, induced an increase in cardiac damage biomarkers, CK-MB, cTn-T and cTn-I were remarkably suppressed by ginger treatmentPerformed histopathological studies by transmission electron microscopy and light microscopy shows additional convincing evidence on ginger cardio-protective effects. The drastic changes were rehabilitated in cardiac tissue by ginger treatment may be it acts as a good antioxidant and possessing hypolipidemic activity.Collectively, our findings confirm hypothesis that ginger has cardio protective potential through suppression of hyperlipidemia, preserving the tissue damage bio markers, cardiac biomarkers in plasma and preservation of histoarchitecture of myocytes. Abbreviations used: Gt: Ginger Ethanolic Extract; NC: Normal Control; At: Alcohol treated; MI: Myocardial Infarction.

Keywords: Alcohol; CK-MB; ginger; lipid profile; myocardial damage.