The prognostic value of nighttime blood pressure (BP) load in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unknown. The prognostic value of nighttime BP load in a cohort of Chinese patients with nondialysis CKD was investigated. The authors monitored ambulatory BP and followed health outcomes in 588 Chinese CKD patients. Multivariable-adjusted Cox regression analyses indicated that nighttime BP load was a significant risk factor for all clinical outcomes in CKD patients, even when adjusted for clinic BP. Tertile 3 of systolic BP load (vs tertile 1) was associated with an increased risk of renal events (hazard ratio [HR], 2.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-4.38) and cardiovascular events (HR, 5.34; 95% CI, 1.58-18.04); tertile 3 of diastolic BP load (vs tertile 1) was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 6.73; 95% CI, 1.79-25.20), cardiovascular mortality (HR, 7.18; 95% CI, 1.47-35.03), renal events (HR, 2.40; 95% CI, 1.17-4.92), and cardiovascular events (HR, 5.87; 95% CI, 1.97-17.52). Higher nighttime BP load, especially nighttime diastolic BP load, was associated with a poorer prognosis in Chinese nondialysis CKD patients.
Keywords: cardiovascular events; chronic kidney disease; mortality; nighttime blood pressure load; prognosis.
©2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.