Blood clearance of radiolabeled antibody: enhancement by lactosamination and treatment with biotin-avidin or anti-mouse IgG antibodies

J Nucl Med. 1988 Dec;29(12):1951-6.


Methods of rapid blood clearance of 111In-labeled mouse monoclonal antibody 9B9 against angiotensin-converting enzyme were studied. Indium-111-9B9 is specifically accumulated in rat lung, but its blood clearance is relatively slow and target-to-blood radioactivity ratio/g tissue (localization ratio) increases from 11 to 30 only 48 hr postinjection. Injection of second (anti-mouse immunoglobulin) antibodies results in slight (1.8-fold) increase of 9B9 localization ratio. Chemical modification of 9B9 aminogroups with lactose results in enhanced liver uptake and rapid blood clearance of antibody. Blood radioactivity level decreases tenfold, and as a result localization ratio increases threefold (up to 38 in 30 min). Injection of avidin following the injection of biotinylated 9B9 results in rapid clearance of blood radioactivity with increased uptake in liver and spleen. Lung uptake is not changed. Localization ratio increases fivefold over the avidin-untreated animal value. Implications of these approaches for various applications in immunoimaging are discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal* / metabolism
  • Avidin
  • Biotin
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Indium Radioisotopes*
  • Lactose
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging
  • Mice / immunology
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / immunology
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Rats
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Avidin
  • Biotin
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • Lactose