Soft-MS and Computational Mapping of Oleuropein

Int J Mol Sci. 2017 May 6;18(5):992. doi: 10.3390/ijms18050992.


Olive oil and table olives are rich sources of biophenols, which provides a unique taste, aroma and potential health benefits. Specifically, green olive drupes are enriched with oleuropein, a bioactive biophenol secoiridoid. Olive oil contains hydrolytic derivatives such as hydroxytyrosol, oleacein and elenolate from oleuropein as well as tyrosol and oleocanthal from ligstroside. Biophenol secoiridoids are categorized by the presence of elenoic acid or its derivatives in their molecular structure. Medical studies suggest that olive biophenol secoiridoids could prevent cancer, obesity, osteoporosis, and neurodegeneration. Therefore, understanding the biomolecular dynamics of oleuropein can potentially improve olive-based functional foods and nutraceuticals. This review provides a critical assessment of oleuropein biomolecular mechanism and computational mapping that could contribute to nutrigenomics.

Keywords: biophenols; hydroxytyrosol; olive oil; secoiridoid; table olives; tyrosol; β-glucosidase.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Iridoid Glucosides
  • Iridoids / chemistry*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Oxidation-Reduction


  • Iridoid Glucosides
  • Iridoids
  • oleuropein