Reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients with os acromiale

J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2017 Sep;26(9):1598-1602. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2017.02.012. Epub 2017 May 5.


Background: Os acromiale has been reported in up to 15% of the general population. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) increases deltoid tension, which could potentially lead to excessive stress on a pre-existent os acromiale. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome and complications of primary RTSA in patients with radiographic evidence of an os acromiale.

Methods: Between 2005 and 2013, 25 shoulders underwent primary RTSA with an associated os acromiale, which was classified preacromion (3), mesoacromion (20), and meta-acromion (2). All patients were observed for a minimum of 2 years or until reoperation. Mean follow-up time was 30.8 (range, 1-81.4) months. Outcomes included pain scores, range of motion, patient satisfaction, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores, and radiographic outcomes.

Results: RTSA led to an improvement in pain scores in 24 of 25 shoulders. Mean elevation, external rotation, and internal rotation were improved at final follow-up (124°, 46°, and L4, respectively). Three patients required reoperation, including revision surgery for dislocation (2) and excision of a painful os acromiale (1). Postoperative tilting of the os acromiale was noted in 7 shoulders (28%). There was no statistically significant difference in any outcome measures between shoulders with and shoulders without postoperative tilt of the os acromiale.

Discussion and conclusion: The outcome of RTSA does not seem to be negatively affected by the presence of an os acromiale. Pain around an os acromiale after RTSA is rare. Inferior tilting is observed in approximately one-third of the shoulders after RTSA and does not seem to change the overall outcome.

Keywords: Shoulder arthroplasty; cuff tear arthropathy; os acromiale; radiographs; reverse total shoulder arthroplasty; shoulder pain.

MeSH terms

  • Acromion / abnormalities*
  • Acromion / diagnostic imaging
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Reoperation
  • Rotation
  • Shoulder Joint / diagnostic imaging*
  • Shoulder Joint / physiopathology*
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery
  • Shoulder Pain / etiology
  • Treatment Outcome