Background: The high prevalence of multimorbidity necessitates rethinking of the health care system. The overarching goal of the Patient-Centred Innovations for Persons with Multimorbidity program is to build on existing structures and find and evaluate patient-centred innovations relevant to multimorbidity.
Methods: We describe the protocol for a proposed multijurisdictional (Quebec and Ontario) concurrent triangulation mixed-methods study. In both provinces, a qualitative descriptive study will be used to explore innovations in patient-centred multimorbidity care. Two randomized controlled trials, 1 in either province, will evaluate the innovations in a wait-list-controlled design using patient-reported outcomes. An additional control group, matched on age, sex, enrolment/index date (± 3 mo) and propensity score, will be created with the use of health administrative data. Patients will be 18-80 years of age and will have 3 or more chronic conditions. The innovations will have elements of relevance to multimorbidity care, patient-centred partnerships and integration of care. The primary outcome measures will be 2 patient-reported outcomes: patient education and self-efficacy. Secondary outcomes will include patient-reported health status, quality of life, psychological distress and health behaviours, and costs of care.
Interpretation: This protocol describes a mixed-method study in 2 jurisdictions. The studies will answer the questions of what innovations work and how they work for patients, health care professionals and policy-makers. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, no NCT02789800 (Quebec Trial), NCT02742597 (Ontario Trial).
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