The Focinator v2-0 - Graphical Interface, Four Channels, Colocalization Analysis and Cell Phase Identification

Radiat Res. 2017 Jul;188(1):114-120. doi: 10.1667/RR14746.1. Epub 2017 May 11.


The quantitative analysis of foci plays an important role in various cell biological methods. In the fields of radiation biology and experimental oncology, the effect of ionizing radiation, chemotherapy or molecularly targeted drugs on DNA damage induction and repair is frequently performed by the analysis of protein clusters or phosphorylated proteins recruited to so called repair foci at DNA damage sites, involving for example γ-H2A.X, 53BP1 or RAD51. We recently developed "The Focinator" as a reliable and fast tool for automated quantitative and qualitative analysis of nuclei and DNA damage foci. The refined software is now even more user-friendly due to a graphical interface and further features. Thus, we included an R-script-based mode for automated image opening, file naming, progress monitoring and an error report. Consequently, the evaluation no longer required the attendance of the operator after initial parameter definition. Moreover, the Focinator v2-0 is now able to perform multi-channel analysis of four channels and evaluation of protein-protein colocalization by comparison of up to three foci channels. This enables for example the quantification of foci in cells of a specific cell cycle phase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • A549 Cells
  • Algorithms
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints / radiation effects*
  • Cell Nucleus / radiation effects
  • Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure
  • Computer Graphics*
  • DNA Damage / genetics*
  • Flow Cytometry / methods
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Programming Languages
  • Software*
  • User-Computer Interface*