Introduction: Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis frequently cause bone destruction. Inflammation-induced bone loss results from the increase of bone-resorbing osteoclasts. Recently, we demonstrated that urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) suppressed lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-inflammatory osteoclastogenesis through the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway, whereas its receptor (uPAR) promoted that through the Akt pathway.
Methods: We investigated the effects of uPA-derived peptide (Å6) in the LPS-induced inflammatory osteoclastogenesis and bone destruction.
Results: We found that Å6 attenuated inflammatory osteoclastogenesis and bone loss induced by LPS in mice. We also showed that Å6 attenuated the LPS-promoted inflammatory osteoclastogenesis by inactivation of NF-κB in RAW264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage lineage cells. Furthermore, we showed that Å6 attenuated the Akt phosphorylation, and promoted the AMPK phosphorylation.
Conclusion: Å6 is involved in the suppression of LPS-promoted inflammatory osteoclastgensis and bone destruction by regulating the AMPK and Akt pathways. These findings provide a basis for clinical strategies to improve the bone loss caused by inflammatory diseases.
Keywords: Bone loss; osteoclasts; uPA-derived peptide Å6.
© 2017 The Authors. Immunity, Inflammation and Disease Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.