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. 2017;42(3):329-333.
doi: 10.2131/jts.42.329.

Methylmercury Induces Hyaluronan Synthesis in Cultured Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells and Pericytes via Different Mechanisms

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Methylmercury Induces Hyaluronan Synthesis in Cultured Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells and Pericytes via Different Mechanisms

Takashi Hirooka et al. J Toxicol Sci. .
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Abstract

In a cerebrum damaged by methylmercury, where neuropathological lesions tend to localize along deep sulci and fissures, edematous changes in white matter have been proposed as the cause of such localization. Since hyaluronan has a high water-retention capability and can contribute to the progression of edematous changes, we hypothesize that methylmercury increases hyaluronan in brain microvascular cells. Our experimental results indicate that methylmercury induces the expression of hyaluronan in cultured human microvascular endothelial cells and pericytes through the induction of expressed UDP-glucose dehydrogenase and hyaluronan synthase 2, respectively. After exposure to methylmercury, hyaluronan largely accumulates in perivascular space, where it contributes to the progression of edematous changes.

Keywords: Endothelial cell; Hyaluronan; Methylmercury; Pericyte.

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