Polydopamine/polyethyleneimine complex adhered to micrometer-sized magnetic carbon fibers for high-efficiency hemoperfusion

J Biomater Sci Polym Ed. 2017 Oct;28(14):1444-1468. doi: 10.1080/09205063.2017.1330242. Epub 2017 May 19.


Carbon-based nanomaterials have recently attracted tremendous attention in adsorption, separation and biological fields. However, such modification is not always straightforward when the surface is not chemically reactive. Given this reason, most carbon materials modification processes employ reactive linkers or coupling agents, which are complicated and time-consuming. Herein, we report on a dopamine-polyethyleneimine (PEI) coating strategy to fabricate micrometer-sized magnetic carbon fiber (MSMCF)-based extracorporeal blood-cleansing sorbent for hemoperfusion. Results showed that the dopamine/PEI-coated MSMCF had a twisted fiber shape with a size range of 80-120 μm in diameter and porous structure with a specific surface area of 146 m2 g-1. Adsorption behavior of dopamine/PEI-modified MSMCF was examined by using bilirubin as a toxin model compound. Equilibrium data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model with a maximal adsorption capacity of 335.1 mg g-1 at ambient temperature. The as-obtained material had relatively high bilirubin adsorption selectivity against albumin at a normal albumin concentration. In particular, the dopamine/PEI-coated MSMCF has excellent adsorption capacity and hemocompatibility compared to the MSMCF decorated only by dopamine or PEI. Therefore, this work may pave the way for enhancing the property of the extracorporeal blood-cleansing sorbent during hemoperfusion.

Keywords: Artificial liver; bilirubin; hemoperfusion; magnetic carbon fiber; polydopamine.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesiveness
  • Adsorption
  • Bilirubin / chemistry
  • Bilirubin / isolation & purification
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Carbon / chemistry*
  • Carbon Fiber
  • Chlorides / chemistry
  • Ferric Compounds / chemistry
  • Hemoperfusion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Indoles / chemistry*
  • Kinetics
  • Magnets / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Platelet Adhesiveness
  • Polyethyleneimine / chemistry*
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Serum Albumin, Human / chemistry
  • Serum Albumin, Human / isolation & purification


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Carbon Fiber
  • Chlorides
  • Ferric Compounds
  • Indoles
  • Polymers
  • polydopamine
  • Carbon
  • Polyethyleneimine
  • Bilirubin
  • ferric chloride
  • Serum Albumin, Human