Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) constitute a rapidly growing class of natural products with diverse structures and bioactivities. We have developed RiPPMiner, a novel bioinformatics resource for deciphering chemical structures of RiPPs by genome mining. RiPPMiner derives its predictive power from machine learning based classifiers, trained using a well curated database of more than 500 experimentally characterized RiPPs. RiPPMiner uses Support Vector Machine to distinguish RiPP precursors from other small proteins and classify the precursors into 12 sub-classes of RiPPs. For classes like lanthipeptide, cyanobactin, lasso peptide and thiopeptide, RiPPMiner can predict leader cleavage site and complex cross-links between post-translationally modified residues starting from genome sequences. RiPPMiner can identify correct cross-link pattern in a core peptide from among a very large number of combinatorial possibilities. Benchmarking of prediction accuracy of RiPPMiner on a large lanthipeptide dataset indicated high sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision. RiPPMiner also provides interfaces for visualization of the chemical structure, downloading of simplified molecular-input line-entry system and searching for RiPPs having similar sequences or chemical structures. The backend database of RiPPMiner provides information about modification system, precursor sequence, leader and core sequence, modified residues, cross-links and gene cluster for more than 500 experimentally characterized RiPPs. RiPPMiner is available at http://www.nii.ac.in/rippminer.html.
© The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.