Effect of ovarian steroids on cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate production stimulated by arginine vasopressin in rat renal monolayer cultured cells

Endocrinol Jpn. 1988 Apr;35(2):267-74. doi: 10.1507/endocrj1954.35.267.


Renal resistance to antidiuretic hormone (ADH) has been speculated to be a mechanism of transient nephrogenic diabetes insipidus occurring during late pregnancy. In order to study possible involvement of ovarian steroids in this mechanism, their effect on cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP) response to arginine vasopressin (AVP) was examined utilizing rat and human renal medullary cells in monolayer culture. In both rat and human cells, estradiol significantly reduced cAMP response to AVP; estradiol at 1.84 x 10(-8) M, 1.84 x 10(-7) M and 1.84 x 10(-6) M decreased cAMP production stimulated by 10(-8) M AVP to 78 +/- 5%, 67 +/- 2% (P less than 0.05) and 52 +/- 1% (P less than 0.001) of the control in rat renal cells, respectively, and in human renal cells the effect of estradiol was comparable to that in rat cells. In rat renal cells, progesterone also reduced cAMP response to AVP dose-dependently; progesterone at 1.59 x 10(-7) M, 1.59 x 10(-6) M and 1.59 x 10(-5) M decreased cAMP production stimulated by 10(-8) M AVP to 87 +/- 1%, 72 +/- 5% (P less than 0.001) and 37 +/- 5% (P less than 0.001) of the control, respectively. On the other hand, corticosterone and dexamethasone at concentrations ranging from 10(-8) M to 10(-5) M and aldosterone at concentrations ranging from 10(-9) M to 10(-5) M did not alter cAMP response to AVP significantly. The suppressive effect of estradiol increased with time until six hours and thereafter it reached a plateau.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arginine Vasopressin / pharmacology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis*
  • Estradiol / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney / cytology*
  • Male
  • Progesterone / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Progesterone
  • Estradiol
  • Cyclic AMP