Recently appeared medicinal preparations containing an extract of Bacopa monnieri. B. monnieri has been used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for centuries, especially to enhance cognitive functions. Active compounds in this plant include numerous saponins type dammarane, mainly bacoside A and B, alkaloids and sterols. The pharmacological research of the extract of Bacopa monnieri support traditional uses of this plant. The results of so far clinical studies of the extract from B. monnieri, indicate to beneficial effect on memory, learning and concentration in adults, children and to improve in anxiety and depression after prolonged administration, although further clinical studies are needed to confirm medical indications. It has been found to be well tolerated. The present review summarizes current knowledge of mechanisms of actions also presents of dietary supplements with B. monnieri.
Keywords: biological activity; clinical trials; saponins; Bacopa monnieri.