Primary Ovarian Fibrosarcoma-An Unusual Tumor in an Adolescent: Case Report and Review of the Pediatric Literature

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2017 Dec;30(6):655-658. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2017.05.003. Epub 2017 May 11.

Abstract

Background: Primary ovarian fibrosarcomas are rare and usually observed in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. To our knowledge, to date, there are only 3 reports of ovarian fibrosarcoma in childhood and adolescence in the English-language literature. In this report, we aimed to present to our knowledge, the first pediatric case with advanced stage primary ovarian fibrosarcoma and to compare with previous cases.

Case: A 14-year-old teenage girl was admitted because of a giant abdominal mass. Imaging techniques revealed a giant heterogeneous and vascular ovarian mass. Salpingo-oophorectomy along with staging procedures were performed. Pathologic examination confirmed grade III ovarian fibrosarcoma with severe nuclear atypia and high mitotic count. Because of pulmonary metastasis, she received 4 courses of adjuvant combination chemotherapy (Ewing protocol). The patient withstood the treatment well and is disease-free at 2 years of follow-up.

Conclusion: Fibrosarcoma of the ovary is an uncommon neoplasm with poor prognosis. To our knowledge, the presented patient is the first pediatric case with advanced staged primary ovarian fibrosarcoma to be treated with surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Keywords: Adolescent; Child; Ovarian fibrosarcoma; Ovarian sarcoma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Female
  • Fibrosarcoma / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy
  • Salpingo-oophorectomy / methods*