Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood Development

Child Dev. 2018 Jan;89(1):129-136. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12824. Epub 2017 May 15.


Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes due to exposure to wireless technologies. Symptoms of retarded memory, learning, cognition, attention, and behavioral problems have been reported in numerous studies and are similarly manifested in autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, as a result of EMF and RFR exposures where both epigenetic drivers and genetic (DNA) damage are likely contributors. Technology benefits can be realized by adopting wired devices for education to avoid health risk and promote academic achievement.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Academic Performance*
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Development / radiation effects*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Child
  • Child Development / radiation effects*
  • Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects*
  • Epigenesis, Genetic / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / etiology*
  • Radio Waves / adverse effects*
  • Wireless Technology*