Reduction of the DNA damages, Hepatoprotective Effect and Antioxidant Potential of the Coconut Water, ascorbic and Caffeic Acids in Oxidative Stress Mediated by Ethanol

An Acad Bras Cienc. 2017 Apr-Jun;89(2):1095-1109. doi: 10.1590/0001-3765201720160581. Epub 2017 May 15.


Hepatic disorders such as steatosis and alcoholic steatohepatitis are common diseases that affect thousands of people around the globe. This study aims to identify the main phenol compounds using a new HPLC-ESI+-MS/MS method, to evaluate some oxidative stress parameters and the hepatoprotective action of green dwarf coconut water, caffeic and ascorbic acids on the liver and serum of rats treated with ethanol. The results showed five polyphenols in the lyophilized coconut water spiked with standards: chlorogenic acid (0.18 µM), caffeic acid (1.1 µM), methyl caffeate (0.03 µM), quercetin (0.08 µM) and ferulic acid (0.02 µM) isomers. In the animals, the activity of the serum γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (γ-GT) was reduced to 1.8 I.U/L in the coconut water group, 3.6 I.U/L in the ascorbic acid group and 2.9 I.U/L in the caffeic acid groups, when compared with the ethanol group (5.1 I.U/L, p<0.05). Still in liver, the DNA analysis demonstrated a decrease of oxidized bases compared to ethanol group of 36.2% and 48.0% for pretreated and post treated coconut water group respectively, 42.5% for the caffeic acid group, and 34.5% for the ascorbic acid group. The ascorbic acid was efficient in inhibiting the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in the liver by 16.5% in comparison with the ethanol group. These data indicate that the green dwarf coconut water, caffeic and ascorbic acids have antioxidant, hepatoprotective and reduced DNA damage properties, thus decreasing the oxidative stress induced by ethanol metabolism.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Caffeic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cocos / chemistry*
  • DNA Damage / drug effects*
  • Ethanol / pharmacology*
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Time Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • Water / pharmacology


  • Antioxidants
  • Caffeic Acids
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Triglycerides
  • Water
  • Ethanol
  • Cholesterol
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • caffeic acid