The placement of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter by interventionalists demands not only procedural skill but also an ability to decipher real-time ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic images. In this article, we discuss how imaging assists in PD placement and recognition of complications. To aid this endeavor, we have provided images and video clips that should assist interventionalists. Compared with the fluoroscopic technique, peritoneoscopic PD catheter placement provides direct visual imaging to also aid placement of the initial trocar and the peritoneal catheter.
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