Purpose of review: One-third of US adolescents are obese, and related comorbidities exist in this population. Preventing early indicators of these diseases, such as insulin resistance (IR), may impact future morbidity and mortality. Interventions to date have only focused on diet or exercise. Additional targets to prevent disease are needed. This paper reviews the evidence in adolescents examining multiple health behaviors that have been associated with IR.
Recent findings: Health behaviors (i.e., diet, activity, sleep) have been individually examined as possible contributors to disease, but an understanding of the complex interplay between these behaviors is lacking. A better understanding of how multiple health behaviors contribute to IR in adolescents is needed. Future studies using both advanced statistical methodology and robust measures of each health behavior may facilitate better understanding of the impact of lifestyle factors on IR and guide intervention strategies to reduce the risk of disease.
Keywords: Adolescents; Diet; Health behaviors; Insulin resistance; Physical activity; Sleep.