Late Effects Screening Guidelines after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes: Consensus Statement From the Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Conference on Late Effects After Pediatric HCT

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Sep;23(9):1422-1428. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2017.05.022. Epub 2017 May 19.


Patients with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes (IBMFS), such as Fanconi anemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), or Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), can have hematologic manifestations cured through hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Subsequent late effects seen in these patients arise from a combination of the underlying disease, the pre-HCT therapy, and the HCT process. During the international consensus conference sponsored by the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium on late effects screening and recommendations following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for immune deficiency and nonmalignant hematologic diseases held in Minneapolis, Minnesota in May 2016, a half-day session was focused specifically on the unmet needs for these patients with IBMFS. This multidisciplinary group of experts in rare diseases and transplantation late effects has already published on the state of the science in this area, along with discussion of an agenda for future research. This companion article outlines consensus disease-specific long-term follow-up screening guidelines for patients with IMBFS.

Keywords: Diamond Blackfan anemia; Dyskeratosis congenita; Fanconi anemia; Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes; Late effects; Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Aplastic / diagnosis*
  • Anemia, Aplastic / immunology
  • Anemia, Aplastic / pathology
  • Anemia, Aplastic / therapy
  • Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan / diagnosis*
  • Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan / immunology
  • Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan / mortality
  • Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan / therapy
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / immunology
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / pathology
  • Bone Marrow Diseases / therapy
  • Bone Marrow Failure Disorders
  • Child
  • Consensus
  • Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita / diagnosis*
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita / immunology
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita / mortality
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita / therapy
  • Fanconi Anemia / diagnosis*
  • Fanconi Anemia / immunology
  • Fanconi Anemia / mortality
  • Fanconi Anemia / therapy
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
  • Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / diagnosis*
  • Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / immunology
  • Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / pathology
  • Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / therapy
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Survival Analysis
  • Transplantation, Homologous