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. 2017 Jul 25;61(8):e00161-17.
doi: 10.1128/AAC.00161-17. Print 2017 Aug.

Differential Activity of the Oral Glucan Synthase Inhibitor SCY-078 Against Wild-Type and Echinocandin-Resistant Strains of Candida Species

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Free PMC article

Differential Activity of the Oral Glucan Synthase Inhibitor SCY-078 Against Wild-Type and Echinocandin-Resistant Strains of Candida Species

Michael A Pfaller et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

SCY-078 (formerly MK-3118) is a novel orally active inhibitor of fungal β-(1,3)-glucan synthase (GS). SCY-078 is a derivative of enfumafungin and is structurally distinct from the echinocandin class of antifungal agents. We evaluated the in vitro activity of this compound against wild-type (WT) and echinocandin-resistant isolates containing mutations in the FKS genes of Candida spp. Against 36 Candida spp. FKS mutants tested, 30 (83.3%) were non-WT to 1 or more echinocandins, and only 9 (25.0%) were non-WT (MIC, >WT-upper limit) to SCY-078. Among C. glabrata isolates carrying FKS alterations, 84.0% were non-WT to the echinocandins versus only 24.0% for SCY-078. In contrast to the echinocandin comparators, the activity of SCY-078 was minimally affected by the presence of FKS mutations, suggesting that this agent is useful in the treatment of Candida infections due to echinocandin-resistant strains.

Keywords: Candida; SCY; antifungal susceptibility testing; echinocandin resistance.

Figures

FIG 1
FIG 1
Activity of SCY-078, anidulafungin, caspofungin, and micafungin against strains displaying FKS mutations. %WT, percent wild type; %NWT, percent non-wild type (for SCY-078, %NWT is the percent exceeding the wild-type upper-limit value [WT-UL; two 2-fold dilutions higher than the modal MIC value of each WT population]).

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